What Is a Diesel Engine Starter Motor?
The diesel engine starter motor is mainly composed of three parts: a transmission mechanism, an electromagnetic switch and a DC motor. The working principle of the starter motor is to convert the electrical energy of the battery into mechanical energy, drive the flywheel ring gear on the diesel engine to rotate, and start the diesel engine. The main function of the starter motor is to start the diesel engine. It needs sufficient starting speed and torque to drive the diesel engine to ignite the fuel.
How Does a Diesel Engine Starter Motor Work?
The DC motor on the starter motor generates electromagnetic torque. The transmission mechanism meshes the driving gear of the starter motor with the flywheel ring gear. And the torque of the DC motor of the starter motor was transmitted to the flywheel ring gear of the diesel engine. This drives the crankshaft of the diesel engine to rotate, thereby driving each component of the diesel engine into a working cycle until the diesel engine starts normally. After the diesel engine is started, the starter motor automatically disengages the flywheel ring gear. The electromagnetic switch is responsible for connecting and cutting off the circuit between the DC motor and the battery.
Several Typical Faults of Starter Motor
Here is a brief list of some typical faults. This article will specifically explain the causes and solutions of starter failure:
- The starter motor does not rotate: When the key is in the starting gear, the starter does not rotate and does not make a "click, click" sound.
- The starter motor is weak at starting: The starter moves slowly and rotates weakly, and makes "click, click" sounds and vibration sounds.
- The starter motor continues to rotate after the engine starts: After the engine starts, release the ignition switch to the starting gear, but the starter still does not stop rotating.
- starter motor idling: The starter is idling at a lower speed, or at high speed, but it cannot start the engine.
- Abnormal noise of the starter motor: The reasons for the abnormal noise of the starter are relatively complex. This kind of fault should be carefully observed and comprehensively analyzed before making a maintenance plan.